Chemical Concept Demonstrated: Catalytic decomposition
|The beaker contains the following solutions:
The color sequence goes from deep blue to colorless to yellow to gold to brown to deep blue again.
Explanation (including important chemical equations):
The first primary step in this reaction is the oxidation of hydrogen peroxide by iodic acid:
5 H2O2 (aq) + 2 HIO3 (aq) --> 5 O2 (g) + I2 (aq) + 6 H2O (l)
The second step is the oxidation of of iodine by hydrogen peroxide:
5 H2O2 (aq) + I2 (aq) --> 2 HIO3 (aq) + 4 H2O (l)
The overall result is a decomposition of H2O2 into H2O and O2. The higher the initial concentrations, the shorter the induction period.
The movie from demonstration 22.14 is included because of the similarity of the concepts demonstrated.